American-born kinetic artist concerned with light and movement. Born in New York. Moved in 1955 to Lugano in Switzerland, where she began to paint, self-taught. Lived 1958-64 in Paris, where she studied art history and archaeology for a short time at the Sorbonne and worked on painting and sculpture under the guidance of Takis and Erro. Experimented with pictures based on jigsaw puzzles, and shadow paintings made by drawing on perspex, etc., then began in 1961 to inject drops of polymer into blocks of perspex to catch the light. Her first kinetic light works called 'Echo-Lights' and her poem machines, i.e. motor or hand-turned cones or drums printed with words, letters and signs, were shown in her first one-woman exhibition at La Librairie Anglaise, Paris, 1963. Has since worked continuously with light, using all materials which are conducive to transference, reflection and refraction of light: glass, perspex, water, copper, nickel, neon, etc. Lived in Athens 1964-6, since 1966 mainly in London. Has carried out several large-scale works, including a 6m high revolving cone commissioned by the Peter Stuyvesant Foundation for the City Sculpture Project and purchased by Warwick University.
Ronald Alley, Catalogue of the Tate Gallery's Collection of Modern Art other than Works by British Artists, Tate Gallery and Sotheby Parke-Bernet, London 1981, p.441